External Resources

The Digital South Asia Library

DSAL is a project of the Center for Research Libraries that provides digital references for research on South Asia . Find scholarly reference books, indexes, images, bibliographies, maps, and statistics.

Digital Dictionaries of South Asia

Affiliated with the Digital South Asia Library, Digital Dictionaries of South Asia provides full-text digital dictionaries in numerous languages, including Urdu and Hindi.

Hindi Proficiency Guidelines

These Hindi proficiency guidelines were published in 1990 in Foreign Language Annals (Vol. 23, 235-252), the official journal of the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages. No other proficiency guidelines have been developed for South Asian languages in the United States. Although these guidelines are for Hindi, in the absence of material specific to Urdu, instructors may find them useful because of the underlying syntactic and semantic similarities between these languages. The project to develop the Hindi Proficiency Guidelines was directed by Dr. Vijay Gambhir, University of Pennsylvania.

The Library of Congress, South Asian Literary Recordings Project

The South Asian Literary Recordings Project seeks to capture the voices of prominent South Asian poets, novelists, and playwrights as they read excerpts from their works; the site allows users to search for authors by language, read up on their works, and listen to digital audio recordings.

HindiBhasha.com: Devanagari Script Tutor

A web-based script tutor designed to help Hindi students familiarise themselves with the Devanagari script and to demonstrate how it is written and pronounced.